negligence

negligence, neglect are not always clearly distinguished in use, even though the lines between them may be drawn with some clearness.
Negligence stresses the quality or fact of being negligent or careless either as shown in a lack of care in the performance of a task, a duty, or a piece of work or in the operation or handling of a dangerous machine or mechanism which requires effort or close attention
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the amazing negligence of some housekeeper

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an act of criminal negligence

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no one has done more through negligence to corrupt the language— Byron

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most of these are involved in accidents through their own negligenceTheodore Sturgeon

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or as shown in a temperamental or assumed indifference to small niceties (as in dress, manners, or style) that gives an impression of casualness, artlessness, or lack of artificiality
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spoke with conviction, yet with a gentlemanly lightness, almost a negligence, as though to cancel any tone of dogmatism ... in his words— Wouk

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his companion wore well-cut tweeds with a sort of aggressive negligence, as though he hated them—/. A. R. Wylie

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Neglect, on the other hand, applies either to the act or fact of leaving undone or carelessly, inadequately, or imperfectly done something which it is one's business or duty to do
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convicted of neglect of duty

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we made a nice tidy cleanup .... If I hadn't done it I ought either to have been shot for neglect or dismissed for incapacity— H. G. Wells

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in dealing with the infant . . . there is need of a delicate balance between neglect and indulgence— Russell

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or to the state or fact of being neglected, slighted, ignored, or forgotten
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rescue my poor remains from vile neglectPrior

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a . . . motive for reading it . . . [that] ensured poetry against neglectDay Lewis

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destined either to constantly inadequate execution or to complete neglectVirgil Thomson

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For these reasons the phrase "the negligence of a person" always refers to a quality of character of the person as an agent or to its outward manifestation (as in an act, a piece of work, or an accident) while "the neglect of a person" refers to the act of another who neglects, slights, ignores, or forgets the person, thereby making the latter his victim.
Analogous words: laxness, slackness, remissness (see corresponding adjectives at NEGLIGENT): indifference, unconcernedness or unconcern, incuriousness (see corresponding adjectives at INDIFFERENT)
Antonyms: attention: solicitude
Contrasted words: *care, concern, anxiety, worry: diligence, assiduity, sedulousness (see corresponding adjectives at BUSY)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • negligence — neg·li·gence / ne gli jəns/ n: failure to exercise the degree of care expected of a person of ordinary prudence in like circumstances in protecting others from a foreseeable and unreasonable risk of harm in a particular situation; also: conduct… …   Law dictionary

  • négligence — [ negliʒɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1120; lat. negligentia 1 ♦ Action, fait de négliger qqch.; attitude, état d une personne dont l esprit ne s applique pas à ce qu elle fait ou devrait faire. ⇒ nonchalance, paresse. Je ne vous ai pas écrit par pure négligence …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Negligence — Négligence Demande de traduction Negligence → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • negligence — neg‧li‧gence [ˈneglɪdʒns] noun [uncountable] LAW failure to take enough care over something that you are responsible for, for which you may have to pay Damages: • The captain of the ship was accused of negligence in carrying out safety… …   Financial and business terms

  • Negligence — • The omission, whether habitual or not, of the care required for the performance of duties, or at any rate, for their full adequate discharge. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Negligence     Negligence …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • negligence — Negligence. s. f. Nonchalance, faute de soin & d application. Grande, extreme negligence. negligence punissable. quelle negligence! vit on jamais telle negligence? il y a bien en cela de la negligence de vostre part. A la negligence. Façon de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Negligence — Neg li*gence, n. [F. n[ e]gligence, L. negligentia.] The quality or state of being negligent; lack of due diligence or care; omission of duty; habitual neglect; heedlessness. [1913 Webster] 2. An act or instance of negligence or carelessness.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • negligence — Negligence, Negligentia, Incuria, Indigentia, Inertia, Segnities, vel Segnitia, Oscitantia, Otiositas, Neglectus huius neglectus. Eviter le blasme de negligence, Offensionem negligentiae vitare atque effugere. Poursuyvir la negligence qu a eu… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • negligence — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. negligence negligence, sloth; injury, injustice (12c.), and directly from L. neclegentia, neglegentia carelessness, heedlessness, neglect, from neglegentem (nom. neglegens) heedless, careless, unconcerned, prp. of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • negligence — [neg′lə jəns] n. [ME neglygence < OFr négligence < L negligentia] 1. the quality or condition of being negligent; specif., a) habitual failure to do the required thing b) carelessness in manner or appearance; indifference 2. an instance of… …   English World dictionary

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